Viticulture Library

What is the Library?


Welcome to the Lodi Winegape Commssion’s Viticulture Library. The Library is meant to be a user-friendly resource for accessing practical and scientific articles about vineyard managment. The Library includes a searchable database of hundreds of articles organized into a number of categies. Click HERE for a list of categories. The Library houses a wide range of articles from cutting-edge research to early publications to dating back as late as the 1960′s. The Library is a living resource, meaning that new articles are added frequently. If you have an article that would make a good addition to the Library, please send it to Matthew Hoffman at

How does one use the Library?

Using the Library is simple. The search engine recalls articles by title, author, year of publication, and topic. Simply type a key term into the search field, and click “Search”. For example, if I am interested in learning more about soil nutrition, I might search for “nitrogen” or “compost”. If I am interested in learning about how to control a specific pest, I could search for “bunch rot” or “botrytis”. Searching for “Paul” or “Verdegaal” would retrieve all articles on record authored by our UCCE county farm adviser. If you don’t find what you are looking for with the first search, try using a more general or more specific term. For example, if “ammonium sulfate” does not work, try “soil fertility”. If “mechanization” does not work, try “box pruning”. Don’t be afraid to experiment. Once you find an interesting article, you can read it online or download it as a PDF (drag your cursor to the bottom right of your screen and a download promp will pop-up.

Two golden rules of vitivculture398.9 KiB180
Botrytis Rot68.4 KiB61
Cluster elongation to control bunch rot in winegrapes289.2 KiB139
Controlling bunch rot in wine grapes in the San Joaquin Valley112.8 KiB55
Early botrytis rot of grapes and its control502.7 KiB166
UCCE Sacramento County chemical bunch rot trials526.5 KiB97
Sample Costs to produce organic wine grapes in the North Coast with an annually sown cover crop1.5 MiB104
Aids in setting up a calendar of operations91.6 KiB77
Costs to produce wine grapes in San Joaquin County146.7 KiB53
Leaf removal in winegrape production329.3 KiB80
Vineyard canopy management practices for improving grapevine microclimate, fruit composition, and wine quality1003.9 KiB68
Wine grape canopy management practices in the San Joaquin Valley406.0 KiB74
Crown Gall persists in California244.5 KiB84
Another fungus needs control413.4 KiB60
How to appraise and correct vineyard biological problems that cause decline1.8 MiB50
Diseases210.0 KiB66
Laboratory testing for grapevine diseases716.3 KiB53
Powdery mildew disease of grapevines697.9 KiB61
Preventing possible groundwater contamination through management efforts248.9 KiB76
Control of Eutypa dieback of grapes358.6 KiB78
Eutypa dieback of apricot and grape in California1.2 MiB67
Influence of vine trellis training systems on growth, yield, fruit composition, and Eutypa incidence in Cabernet Sauvignon571.1 KiB59
Understanding and treating Eutypa dieback of apricots515.3 KiB52
Regulation of flowering inn the grapevine583.7 KiB94
Herbicide classification and mode of action442.8 KiB161
Susceptibility of weeds to herbicides222.4 KiB53
Weeds: Integrated Pest Management866.8 KiB52
Leafroll disease of grapevines503.6 KiB58
Leafroll virus hits clean-stock program101.4 KiB52
Mealybugs in California vineyards412.8 KiB41
Black measles in California494.1 KiB88
Researchers find link between sun and wine component116.2 KiB64
Mechanical harvesting of grapes for the winery1.4 MiB62
Measuring sustainability804.2 KiB62
Nematodes336.4 KiB116
LWC Grower Newsletter April 200049.9 KiB47
LWC Grower Newsletter April 20071.5 MiB43
LWC Grower Newsletter April 2010109.3 KiB43
LWC Grower Newsletter April 20136.5 MiB202
LWC Grower Newsletter August 200151.7 KiB64
LWC Grower Newsletter August 2006250.0 KiB38
LWC Grower Newsletter August 20091008.9 KiB39
LWC Grower Newsletter August 20134.3 MiB112
LWC Grower Newsletter December 200297.1 KiB44
LWC Grower Newsletter Fall 2011625.4 KiB55
LWC Grower Newsletter February 2002132.3 KiB52
LWC Grower Newsletter February 2003139.8 KiB50
LWC Grower Newsletter February 20061.4 MiB40
LWC Grower Newsletter January 2004112.9 KiB42
LWC Grower Newsletter January 2005337.9 KiB45
LWC Grower Newsletter January 2009308.5 KiB43
LWC Grower Newsletter July 2007629.5 KiB49
LWC Grower Newsletter July 2010169.5 KiB34
LWC Grower Newsletter June 2003153.2 KiB40
LWC Grower Newsletter June 2005211.4 KiB45
LWC Grower Newsletter March 2005185.4 KiB39
LWC Grower Newsletter March 20081.2 MiB46
LWC Grower Newsletter May 2002157.9 KiB38
LWC Grower Newsletter May 2009131.8 KiB48
LWC Grower Newsletter November 20072.6 MiB41
LWC Grower Newsletter November 2010220.9 KiB46
LWC Grower Newsletter October 2003133.2 KiB42
LWC Grower Newsletter October 2004203.2 KiB43
LWC Grower Newsletter October 2008653.5 KiB43
LWC Grower Newsletter October 2009273.1 KiB49
LWC Grower Newsletter Spring 20128.7 MiB36
LWC Grower Newsletter Summer 2011444.0 KiB41
1994 Dormant Planting Season Information73.1 KiB55
Composition of grapes280.8 KiB65
Defining sustainable viticulture from the practitioner perspective1.1 MiB77
Glossary: Viticulture318.1 KiB86
Grapevine physiology: How does a grapevine make sugar?812.1 KiB61
Innovation, cooperation, and the perceived benefits and costs of sustainable agriculture practices620.0 KiB96
Learning pathways for sustainable vineyard and winery management2.4 MiB111
Learning pathways in viticulture management203.2 KiB80
Modreation i s the key to preventing herbicide resistance443.5 KiB52
Morphology and taxonomy of grapevines197.3 KiB134
Physiology and productivity of the grapevine1.2 MiB47
Sustainability practice adoption and management goals of Central Coast, CA winegrape growers371.3 KiB48
Sustainability programs in the Central Coast viticulture region of California: winegrape grower perceptions and participation333.0 KiB51
Warning on the use of chemicals71.8 KiB38
Weed Science Test260.7 KiB50
Winegrower perceptions of sustainability programs in Lodi, California774.6 KiB61
1991 wine grape and walnut weed control research progress report666.2 KiB70
A preemergence weed control trial in three year old cabarnet sauvignon grapes122.6 KiB72
Average Willamette Mite and Grape Leafhopper counts for 1996-1997103.7 KiB45
Bug alert for the Grape Leaf Skeletonizer (GLS)179.7 KiB44
Calibrating Vine Sprayers420.7 KiB158
Calibration of herbicide sprayers321.5 KiB81
Grape Weed Control1.1 MiB49
IPM Program Update293.2 KiB61
IPM Program Update-1993643.1 KiB51
Selected technical data for some common home and garden pesticides1.5 MiB74
Sidebar: Vine surgery tested as management strategy for Botryosphaeria241.9 KiB58
Simplified key to families of common California spiders861.8 KiB49
Some common natural enemies in vineyards 276.5 KiB65
Symptoms of herbicide injury1.1 MiB453
Vegetation management in grapes441.2 KiB87
Phomopsis cane and leaf spot of grapes1.3 MiB46
Phomopsis rears its ugly head again147.5 KiB63
A genetic map of Vitus vinifera: a foundation for improving the management of disease and flavor846.4 KiB76
Pierce's Disease in the North Coast399.8 KiB67
Pierce's Disease Q & A418.9 KiB61
New research findings on the control of grapevine powdery mildew245.2 KiB59
Powdery mildew weapons near846.2 KiB48
Field budding and the care of the budded grapevine765.8 KiB85
T-bud grafting of grapevines175.3 KiB54
The production of certified grape stock1.7 MiB109
Vineyard propagation659.0 KiB68
Vineyard propagation86.5 KiB54
Cordon length can influence fruit composition365.2 KiB87
Cordon or cane pruning?246.4 KiB61
Evaluation of different severities of mechanical and hand pruning of cabernet sauvignon and chardonnay grapevines for productivity, fruit composition and wine quality574.2 KiB62
Evaluation of different severities of mechanical and hand pruning of Cabernet Sauvignon and Chardonnay grapevines for productivity, fruit composition and wine quality.739.4 KiB49
Mechanical and minimal pruning in winegrape production450.2 KiB59
Pruning and mechanization37.4 KiB51
Pruning and training grapevines957.1 KiB219
Training grapevines414.6 KiB76
Training grapevines409.9 KiB73
Grapevine red blotch disease429.5 KiB53
Grapevine red blotch disease472.9 KiB70
Ribavirin 1993 year-end report533.6 KiB68
Borner Rootstock Patent330.1 KiB72
Breeding Vitis rupestris X Muscadinia rotundifolia rootstocks to control Xiphinema index and fanleaf degeneration388.4 KiB139
Complex parentage including Vitis vinifera214.7 KiB51
Cultural control of phylloxera in existing vineyards by root system conversion724.8 KiB72
Effect of rootstock on the composition and quality of wines from the Scion Chardonnay491.3 KiB49
Effects of rootstock and spacing on root distrbution620.3 KiB72
Effects of several nematode-resistant rootstocks on vine vigor, crop level, and nutrition with the grape variety, Grenache823.3 KiB141
Grape rootstock varieties1.7 MiB54
Grape rootstocks show promise in North Coast417.1 KiB59
History of Teleki rootstocks and origin of 5C, SO4433.1 KiB70
Influence of rootstock and vine spacing on root distribution, vine growth, crop yield, and fruit composition, canopy microclimate and wine quality of Cabernet Sauvignon1.2 MiB75
New grape rootstocks with broad and durable nematode resistance919.9 KiB146
Potential interactions between rootstocks and grapevine latent viruses547.8 KiB76
Resistance of rootstocks to the virus transmitting nematode Xiphinema index313.5 KiB111
Root Mapping: An investigation of grape rootstocks below ground282.8 KiB58
Roots and root function666.1 KiB119
Rootstock selection183.5 KiB67
Rootstocks on trial104.9 KiB52
Selected grapevine rootstock characteristics109.4 KiB70
Structure and physiology of the grapevine426.4 KiB45
Use of phylloxera-resistant rootstocks in California759.3 KiB64
Viticulture research field seminar382.9 KiB51
American Vineyard Foundation research report1.2 MiB62
Balanced soil fertility management in wine grape vineyards1.1 MiB108
Big Valley grapes exhibit potassium deficiency symptoms221.4 KiB85
Boron deficiency in California vineyards1.6 MiB172
Commercial sources of plant food used in vineyards66.8 KiB45
Dynamics of potassium release from potassium-bearing minerals as influenced by oxalic and citric acids998.6 KiB156
Fertilizer efficiency for winegrape vineyards423.6 KiB632
Improving nitrogen fertilizer efficiency in winegrapes: application timing comparisons and refinement of critical tissue analysis levels in four important cultivars418.3 KiB71
Influence of potassium deficiency and temporary potassium deficiency on nitrogen metabolism in leaves and berries of wine grapes413.9 KiB69
Interactions between mycorrhizal fungi, soil fumigation, and growth of grapes in California878.5 KiB178
Managing phosphorus deficiency in vineyards1.6 MiB146
MKP620.2 KiB46
Monopatassium phosphate as a fertilizer component for liquid and suspension fertilizers (Ammoniating MKP solutions)2.4 MiB170
Nature of the beast428.6 KiB50
Nitrate contamination of groundwater in from fertilizer: A review of state programs554.5 KiB49
Nitrogen requirements, use-efficiency365.9 KiB56
Phosphate expectations118.8 KiB45
Postharvest application of nitrogen in vineyards252.2 KiB56
Potassium fixation and its significance for California crop production1.1 MiB91
Soil-specific Potassium management in the Lodi winegrape region6.4 MiB123
Use of phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analysis to describe microbial communities in soil295.9 KiB102
Use of tissue analysis in viticulture550.4 KiB243
Vineyard Fertilization332.2 KiB173
Vineyard nutrient needs vary with rootstocks and soils827.6 KiB111
Are barn owls a biological control for gophers? Evaluating effectiveness in vineyards and orchards397.6 KiB113
Attracting Barn Owls to farms1.4 MiB153
Pocket gophers1.2 MiB216
Summary of California studies analyzing the diet of barn owls406.6 KiB52
Vertebrate pest management in orchards670.2 KiB120
Vertebrate pests in vineyards959.3 KiB69
Costs of establishing a wine grape vineyard in San Joaquin County170.8 KiB53
Economics of vineyard design: vine and row spacing, trellising1.4 MiB430
Fertilizer value of grape pomace113.2 KiB77
Planting a vineyard with cuttings630.4 KiB57
Sample costs to establish a vineyard and produce winegrapes849.4 KiB105
The potential of wine-grape production in the San Joaquin Delta area of California442.9 KiB140
Tissue analysis- A guide to grapevine fertilization222.9 KiB128
A guide to caring for vineyards217.2 KiB93
Grape damage symptom and causal agent index471.5 KiB70
Sulfur: Best application practices1.3 MiB57
Involvement of viroids in grapvine diseases: Impact on clonal variation, vine performance, and wine quality751.1 KiB52
Latent viruses in vines sting growers243.6 KiB55
Meristem tip culturing for the elimination of grapevine viruses682.1 KiB58
News backgrounder: Sick California grapevines may have viruses227.9 KiB48
The Davis grapevine virus collection627.6 KiB59
Vine failure can be caused by latent viruses551.6 KiB51
Expert group on vine physiology158.2 KiB58
Identification of grape varieties by DNA fingerprinting751.5 KiB49
Maintaininng California's competitive technological advantage in viticulture589.4 KiB54
Oppurtunities for grapevine biotechnology135.4 KiB60
Responses of grapevines to shoot break-out following injury by spring frost283.9 KiB103
Transgenic plants on trial251.5 KiB55
Viticulture research report1.0 MiB62
Estimating soil moisture by fell and appearance654.0 KiB68
Promoting fruit quality and vine health726.0 KiB70
The role of veraison in berry drought tolerance413.5 KiB51
When understanding irrigation- many things are to be considered!1010.1 KiB50
Winegrape water use and the effects of water deficits438.0 KiB52
Frost protection for North Coast vineyards1.7 MiB53
Frost recovery in vineyards234.1 KiB46
Microsprayer frost protection in vineyards1.1 MiB112
Preventing frost damage in vineyards707.6 KiB60
Spring frost damage113.8 KiB49
A weather network to support crop disease management decisions837.7 KiB74
Mechanical weeding in the vine row546.0 KiB69
Study guide for agricultural pest control advisers on weed control 1.8 MiB40
"Extended" winegrape ripening152.7 KiB153
Effect of crop level and crop load on growth, yield, must and wine composition, and quality of Cabernet Sauvignon740.9 KiB56
Effect of ethephon on color and fruit characteristics of 'Tokay' and 'Emperor' table grapes184.7 KiB136
Effect of leaf to fruit ratio on fruit quality and shoot development in 'carignane' and 'zinfandel' wiunegrapes450.0 KiB87
Effects of crop level on chemical composition and headspace volatiles of Lodi Zinfandel grapes and wines575.8 KiB123
Factors affecting soluble solids, acid, pH, and color in grapes519.6 KiB79
Grape cluster sun exposure and wine phenolics1.1 MiB52
Grape juice indicators for prediction of potential wine quality. Relationship between crop level, juice and wine composition, and wine sensory ratings and scores362.4 KiB149
Integrated evolution of trellis training systems and machines to improve grape quality and vintage quality of mechanized Italian vineyards1.4 MiB70
Some effects of overcropping on wine quality602.8 KiB134
The general relationship between potassium, sodium and pH in grape juice and wine565.1 KiB240
The general relationship between potassium, sodium and pH in grape juice and wine506.1 KiB43
The influence of sunlight on grape berry growth and composition varies during fruit development 80.3 KiB53
Evaluation of wine grape varieties for Lodi655.7 KiB60
Variety Observation Trial593.3 KiB53
Zinfandel Heritage Clone Evaluation176.6 KiB66

The Lodi Winegrape Commission thanks those who have contributed documents to the Library:

  • John Kautz Farms
  • Progressive Viticulture